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The latest situation of bird watching in Japan

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(Bird watching spots ,Field guide books ,The birds possible to see)
Bird watching spots : There are some guidebooks which introduce bird watching spots in Japan. But there is only one guidebook written in English. It is "A Birdwatcher's Guide to the Birds of Japan"(ISBN 0-87011-849-8 U.S. ISBN4-7700-1349-3 Japan). It's a good book, but various information got old as it was published in 1987.

Field guide books : "A Filed Guide to the Birds of Japan"(ISBN4-931150-04-7) is written in English, but it's out of print and may be difficult to obtain. It's an illustrated bird guide published in 1982, and partly based on old knowledge. Most of the latest field guide books written in Japanese are with photographs. As they are with both Latin and English names, even if you can't read the content, they give you a key to distinguish the birds.

The birds possible to see : Japanese endemic birds are 11species. Okinawa Rail (Gallirallus okinawae), Amami Woodcock (Scolopax mira), Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii), Okinawa Woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii), Japanese Green Woodpecker (Picus awokera), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris), Ryukyu Robin (Erithacus komadori), Izu Islands Thrush (Turdus celaenops), Ogasawara Islands Honeyeater (Apalopteron familiare), Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi). Although there are views that Japanese sub-species such as the Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) or the Skylark (Alauda arvensis) to be independent species, the Ornithological Society of Japan hasn't recognized the views.
Except Japanese Wagtail, it's not easy to see as they inhabit the islands or mountains.
Among the birds being only in and around Japan, such birds are relatively easy to see if we choose the season to visit their habitats, as Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus), Mandarin Duck Aix (galericulata), Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha), Baikal Teal (Anas Formosa),
Falcated Duck (Anas falcate), Honey-buzzard (Pernis apivorus), Steller's Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus), Grey-faced Buzzard-eagle (Butastur indicus), Eastern Marsh Harrier (Circus spilonotus), Japanese Crane (Grus japonensis), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha), White-naped Crane (Grus vipio), White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus), Long-billed Plover (Charadrius
placidus), Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus),Latham's Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii), Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus), Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris), Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo), Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis), Japanese Green Pigeon (Sphenurus sieboldii ),Whistling Green Pigeon (Sphenurus formosae), Brown Hawk Owl (Ninox scutulata), Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos kizuki), House-Martin (Delichon urbica), Japanese Wagtail (Motacilla grandis), Light-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus sinensis), Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis), Bull-headed Shrike (Lanius bucephalus), Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii), Siberian Rubythroat (Luscinia calliope), Red-flanked Bushrobin (Tarsiger cyanurus), Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus), Brown Thrush (Turdus chrysolaus), Pale Thrush (Turdus pallidus), Dusky Thrush (Turdus naumanni ),Bush-Warbler (Cettia diphone ),Black-browed Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps), Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina), Blue-and-white Flycatcher
(Cyanoptila cyanomelana), Varied Tit (Parus varius), Ogasawara Islands Honeyeater (Apalopteron familiare), Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus), Siberian Meadow Bunting (Emberiza cioides)Yellow-throated Bunting (Emberiza elegans), Black-faced Bunting , (Emberiza spodocephala), Oriental Greenfinch (Carduelis sinica), Long-tailed Rosefinch (Uragus
sibiricus ),Masked Grosbeak (Eophona personata), Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans), Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Sturnus philippensis), Grey Starling (Sturnus cineraceus), Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi), Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos).

Some of these birds live in Japan all year round and easy to be seen anytime, some live far away from cities but are able to be seen only if we visit there, and some can be seen only during a particular season.

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